Rights Not Rescue: A Report on Female, Male, and Trans Sex Workers' Human Rights in Botswana, Namibia, and South Africa

Jayne Arnott and Anna-Louise Crago
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The criminalisation of sex work in Botswana, Namibia, and South Africa leaves sex workers vulnerable to sexual and physical abuse, as well as extortion, from law enforcement officers such as police and border guards. Human rights violations and a lack of safe and supportive working conditions render sex workers particularly vulnerable to HIV. These are some of the findings of this report on the health and rights challenges confronted by female, male, and transgender sex workers in Botswana, Namibia, and South Africa.

Findings include the following subject areas:

Regional Overview

  • Socioeconomic Context
  • Migration
  • Health Care Concerns
  • Legal and Policy Frameworks

Human Rights

  • Violence and Abuse
  • Unequal Access to Health Services
  • Labour Rights Abuses

Pervasive Stigmatisation and Social Exclusion

  • Discrimination in Employment and Banking
  • Community Persecution

Redressing Violations

  • Formal Organising
  • Informal Organising

Beyond Rehabilitation

  • Existing Programmes
  • Funding Restrictions
  • Approaches Recommended by Sex Workers
  • Evidence-Based Support

Conclusions and Recommendations

  • To Governments
  • To Civil Society Organisations
  • To Funders

You can download this 106 page PDF resource above. This resource is in English.